A crime of bribery is said to have been committed when something of a certain value is offered to be traded in exchange for a favour from the recipient. The favour is usually something that only the individual in command can do. The individual misuses his position and authority to grant favours to the person offering the bribe in return for the money or whatever value offered to him. Both the recipients of the money or the special offer and the person making the offer are charged under the law.
In the normal case, bribery involves the offer of a certain amount of money in return of some sort of favour from a public official. The crime is said to have been committed even if a mere offer is proven.
The offer may not be in monetary terms. Special gifts or discounts are also included under the purview of bribery. Offers of discounts or free trips in return for a favour may also be included under bribery. Officials in high positions are often offered huge amounts of kickbacks or perks in return for a favour.
But the criminal act of bribery is not limited to officials in high positions in the government. Bribes are even offered to those involved in business and commerce, sports and games and even those who find themselves involved in research and development projects may find themselves recipients of bribes. Traffic police officials who are involved in levying fines on people who violate traffic rules are the most likely to take bribes, as per a survey. The army was found to be the least corrupt organization, as per the survey.